Rangoli is wall art as well as
floor art. The term RANGOLI is derived from 'Rang'(colour)+
avalli(coloured creepers) or 'Rang' + 'aavalli' (row of colours).
Rangoli is Maharashtrain in origin although today it is practiced
The motifs in Rangoli are
usually taken from Nature - peacocks, swans, mango, flowers, creepers,
etc. The colours traditionally were derived from natural dyes - from
barks of trees, leaves, indigo, etc. However, today, synthetic dyes are
used in a range of bright colours. The materials used for Rangoli take
on either a flat appearance, when coloured powder such as rice, chilly,
turmeric, etc is used or a 3-D effect when cereals, pulses either
in their natural colouring or tinted with natural dyes are used. Some
artists use the 3-D effect for borders alone while others create
beautiful designs using grains and beads entirely.
Originally Rangoli was done in
small patterns - 2 ' by 2' but now entire floor areas of rooms and Hotel
foyers are covered in intricate detailed designs. Traditionally, such
floor decorations were done only on auspicious occasions or festivals.
But today, any occasion is good enough - weddings, birthday parties,
opening ceremonies, etc.
In the deep South and South West
of India is Kerala - where flowers are used to create floor art.
Rangoli is a traditional Indian
art used as a medium of decoration for the home that also has a
religious significance. It enhances the beauty of the surroundings and
spreads joy and happiness all around. The material used is powder in
different colours. The designs range from simple to very complex, and
can take hours to complete.